PLEASE NOTE THAT ALL SPRING COURSES TAUGHT ON-LINE AT COC WILL BE TAUGHT USING CANVAS, NOT BLACKBOARD.
The URL FOR CANVAS AT COC IS COC.INSTRUCTURE.COM.
Your username is the same username for
Note: There are several letters below for each of the classes I teach during the FALL 2016 semester. Please be sure to scroll down to the view the appropriate letter for your particular class section.
Note that your class will NOT appear in your list of CANVAS courses and be available in CANVAS at coc.instructure.com until the first day of the semester.
Students that do not sign into the course and complete the instructions on the first day of class will be dropped from the class, per COC policy.
PHILOS 106 ONLINE: CRITICAL REASONING
COC SPRING 2017
SECTION: 25700: February 6 - March 11
February 6 - April 1
Professor: Dr. Andrew Jones-Cathcart
Office: On-line (Essentially, students will contact me through Canvas e-mail, discussions, and chat (if applicable). In addition, students may visit me during my office hours on the COC main campus. These will be posted at the start of the semester.)
email me within the course via Canvas mail (Click on INBOX in
Canvas, which is located on the course menu on the left-hand
WHEN SENDING E-MAIL TO MY CANYONS.EDU ADDRESS, MAKE SURE YOU SPECIFY YOUR NAME, CLASS, AND SECTION NUMBER SOMEWHERE IN YOUR E-MAIL OR SUBJECT LINE.)
Are you a good thinker? Are you certain that the reasons you have for believing what you do are good ones? How can you tell? What sets you apart from those whom you might see as “bad” or “irrational” thinkers?
Certainly, all of us have different opinions on a wide variety of subjects, whether they have to do with moral and political problems (e.g. reproductive rights, gay marriage, the justification to go to war), religious questions, (e.g. “Only Jesus saves,” “There is no God”), aesthetic concerns (e.g. “That haircut looks horrible on you!”, “ Picasso is a great painter”), and general issues in our culture (e.g. “The First Amendment protects my right to burn the flag during war time,” “No one should eat meat,” or “Buy Crest: it’s better!”). These opinions are not just conveyed through personal contact, but also through books, political pamphlets, advertisements, lobbying, telemarketing, e-mails, radio and television broadcasts, movies, and video games. But whose opinions should we believe and why? Is it the case that every person’s opinion is just as good as another’s? Or is there a way of differentiating between good and bad opinions? What, if anything, might help us figure out which opinions to accept and which to disregard? How do we avoid being taken advantage of in our everyday lives?
Generally, good critical thinking requires that our beliefs be adequately supported by good evidence. Another way of putting this is to say that we ought ideally to base our convictions on facts, not hearsay, arguments and not irrational conjecture or feeling.
This course aims to develop our critical thinking skills and help us understand what it means to be a rational being in an increasingly complex and confusing world. We will look at the different--and sometimes confusing ways--we use language to think, reason, and communicate. We will learn various techniques to read and analyze English language texts, e.g. newspapers, letters to the editor, court decisions, etc. In particular, we will become more adept at identifying and critically evaluating different types of arguments (both deductive and inductive) which are often used to influence our numerous beliefs about the world. In addition, we will spend a good deal of time studying examples of bad reasoning (formal and informal fallacies) so that we might not only become more efficient at spottingother people's bad reasoning, but also so that we can begin to recognize (and overcome) ourown. We will also gain a general understanding of the different ways in which reasoning is used in different fields of study, such as law, politics, and the various sciences.
Bassham et al. Critical Thinking: A Student’s Introduction. 5th Ed. McGraw Hill,, 2012.
(The fourth edition is also acceptable.)
Other required texts will be assigned as handouts, webpages, etc.
Note: The Bassham text has a
web-component which we will be using:
Some homework assignments will be accessible through this website.
STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOME
Students will be expected to apply these critical thinking skills in their writing and to construct a thesis offering evidence in support of their thesis in various writing assignments in this course.
PHILOS 101, INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY
SPRING 2017 FEBRUARY 6 - MARCH 11
College of the Canyons
Note: Although students should usually
contact me through the Canvas messaging feature contained within the course,
should problems arise please contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org
(SENDING E-MAIL TO MY CANYONS.EDU ADDRESS, MAKE SURE YOU SPECIFY YOUR NAME, CLASS, AND SECTION NUMBER SOMEWHERE IN YOUR E-MAIL OR SUBJECT LINE.)
"Men are born ignorant, not stupid. They are
made stupid by education."
This course will introduce you to philosophical reasoning and the kinds of problems that have fascinated philosophers for well over 2500 years. These problems can be grasped most easily in the form of different questions which philosophers ask about the world and try to answer in a rational manner. Examples of these sorts of questions include:
These questions have proved to be difficult to resolve to any satisfactory degree in other disciplines, such as the natural sciences, mathematics, and social sciences, which you may have studied already or will study in the future. Nevertheless, these are the sorts of questions which human begins have always asked out of a sense of philosophic wonder or curiosity, and as long as human beings exist, there will be a need to go on looking for answers to questions such as these.
Philosophy is the rational search for a resolution to these questions, and in this class we shall look at a number of philosophical readings which attempt to resolve some of them. In particular, we shall concentrate on three major areas of philosophy: epistemology (which asks what knowledge is and how we know anything at all),metaphysics (which asks about the nature of reality), and ethics(which asks about the nature of morality).
The readings will be drawn from a variety of contemporary as well as historical sources. Although the bulk of the readings are from the Western philosophical canon, whenever possible, we shall point out similarities and differences between Western and Eastern traditions. Thinkers and historical periods in philosophy typically explored in this course include: ancient philosophy (Socrates and Plato), mediaeval philosophy (Anselm and Thomas Aquinas), modern philosophy (Descartes, Locke, Berkeley, Hume, Paley, Holbach, Kant), late modern/nineteenth-century philosophy (Mill, Kierkegaard, and Nietzsche), and twentieth-century/contemporary philosophy (James, Stace, Russell, Taylor, Benedict, Rachels, Lamont, Moreland, Churchland, and Searle).
Other readings will be accessible as on-line links.
Overall Student Learning Outcome
Evaluate (using rational argument) competing philosophical views in order to synthesize and justify their own philosophical viewpoints in relation to the philosophical questions that are being investigated.
Grading, Expectations, and Requirements
TESTS (total = 350 points)
-Test 1 - February 16-19 (100 points) (The test will be opened on Thursday, but will be available until 11:59 p.m. on the 19th.)
-Midterm - March 3-4 (100 points)
-Final - March 10-11 (150 points)
The final is cumulative. (Note that all material on exams must be in your own words. No copying or pasting from sources.)
Papers: 100 points total
-Paper #1 - February 14 (40 points)
-Paper #2 - March 7 (60 points)
Class Discussions, Class Participation -- 50 points.
There will be five discussions this semester, each of which will be valued at 10 points.
Discussion Dates: February 8-10, 14-16, 21-23, 28 - March 2; March 7-9
ON THE LEFT-HAND SIDE OF THE SCREEN, CLICK ON 'OEI MODULES'.Complete all the modules (linked on the course menu to the left and receive 30 points.)
THERE IS ALSO A LINK TO 'NET TUTOR', WHICH IS A FREE ON-LINE TUTORING SERVICE THAT YOU MAY USE DURING THE COURSE.
(Note: Participation in discussions is expected during the whole discussion period. Do not begin to post on the last day.)
The Demystified textbook contains quizzes at the ends of each chapter, as well as a practice final. Doing these is not part of the grade, but they are useful study aids.
Total Points = 500
See your course schedule and announcements for further instructions and details, including specific dates.
Some Advice on Taking On-line Courses
Some students think that taking a course on-line is preferable to taking a "real" course, i.e. one where you actually have to show up several times a week at a physical location on campus. For this reason, on-line courses are perceived as being more "flexible" or "student-friendly." Although it is true that on-line course are more convenient in this sense, it is a misconception to believe that on-line courses are easier than normal courses or that they require less work. In fact, in some cases the opposite is true, since you do not have the benefit of being in an actual classroom setting where the instructor and your classmates are by your side helping you learn the material through lectures and class participation. Ideally, what a good on-line course should do (and what we will do in this course) is to find ways of reproducing these elements found in the normal classroom situation in an electronic format. This means that in place of an actual "physical" class discussion and meetings, we will haveother tasks, such as participating in threaded discussions and handing in various exercises. So please do not forget that this is a real course
M-F, I will typically check my Canvas e-mail once a day. You can usually expect a response within 24-48 hours of sending me mail. This will vary to some extent, however, depending on the nature of your question, e.g. how complex, urgent, or technical it is. In many cases, I will need to work on technical problems with the course in order to effectively to answer some questions, e.g. 'Why won't the site let me take the exam?' or 'Is this hyperlink supposed to work?' In any case, I will always try to get back to you as quickly as I can, and prior to exam times, you can be sure that the turn-around time will always be as quick and efficient as possible (teachers have to sleep too sometimes!). Weekends will tend to be slightly slower and you can be assured that you will hear back from me bright and early Monday morning. The main thing is not to panic if you don't immediately hear back from me. I will get to your questions and concerns in the order I receive them and be assured that we will work out whatever the problem is regardless of timing or other restraints.
A Word About Pacing
Some web-based courses are designed to allow students to pace themselves, i.e. each student decides when he or she will take an exam or complete an assignment and determines how fast (or slowly) to work through the material. This is NOT the way this course is designed. There are two good reasons for this. First, this course requires participation in discussions, and this means that each of us needs to be as up to date as possible with the course materials in order to participate effectively. Consequently, we all need to stay focused and not fall behind. And second, this is the sort of material that is best learned through constant practice and repetition , and this means that following a homework, reading, and testing schedule is the best way to insure that we all learn the material as effectively as possible.
Philosophy is a difficult subject to learn, and these readings require very careful reading (and re-reading). Although some of the assignments may appear short or easy, students are forewarned that simply passively reading assignments without taking notes, logging in to class, asking questions, and reflecting on the content are not sufficient for doing well in the class.
Time Management and Technical Ability
Normally, I require students to sign in at least 3-4 times a week. Since this is a compressed summer class, students ought to check into the course and, in particular, check their e-mail, noting any changes in the schedule, at least 4-5 times per week. Students are expected to spend a good 2 hours inside the course reading lectures, getting assignments, participating in discussions, and asking questions. (In many cases, students will of course simply print out lectures and read them at other times.) In addition to spending time inside the course itself, students will need to spend several hours each week reading your textbook, studying for quizzes and completing their assignments (just like any other 3 credit course). This adds up to 3-6 hours a week that you need to have consistently free each week to succeed in this course. We keep to a weekly schedule in this course. I do not accept late work. So please plan accordingly.
You will need to have some computer and online technical ability to do this course. You will also need to have Microsoft Word software (or know how to save a file in Works as an .rtf (rich text file)). Students must know or be able to learn minimally the following things:
I have had many first time on-line students. It is absolutely possible for all of you to learn all the technical things necessary to succeed in this course. It will take some effort and patience on your part and most importantly you must not give up! I am available along with technical support to get you through all your on-line technical difficulties. You CAN do it! If you have no computer or on-line ability then this is not the course for you.
The tasks which you are required to complete upon beginning the course, walk you step-by-step through most of the technical aspects of the course. If you can get through all the tasks listed and feel reasonably confident that you can replicate them on your own then you should do fine in this course (on a technical level).
Students with Disabilities
Any student with a disability or any other special condition should immediately contact the appropriate person in Disabled Student Programs and Services (D.S.P.S.) in SCOH-103 in order to obtain a letter of accommodation to be presented to the instructor. Please do this at the beginning of the semester. D.S.P.S. can also be reached via phone at (661) 362-3341. Other information may be obtained here.
Policy Regarding Late Work and Make-Ups
I will not accept late work. This is non-negotiable. I just don't do it. I won't grade or look at any work that is dated late or turned in after its due date. Paper and discussion due dates will be posted at the beginning of the semester so plan accordingly and know now that if turned in late you will not receive a grade.
No form of academic dishonesty, e.g. cheating,
plagiarism, etc., will be tolerated. Here is the COC statement on academic
If you do not understand what constitutes dishonesty in an academic setting, please consult your instructor. Here is a recommended internetlink resource about one form of academic dishonesty, plagiarism:
This link is included here because every student is expected to understand what plagiarism is and how to avoid it. According to C.O.C. policy, it does not matter whether or not a student commits plagiarism or cheats knowingly; if you are a student at the college-level, you are responsible for insuring that your work is really your work, and not someone else’s. Although completely unnecessary and avoidable, academic dishonesty is a sad reality for some students. All cases of academic dishonesty will be reported to the philosophy department chair, as well as the appropriate C.O.C. dean(s) who will determine what consequences will follow. Plagiarism and/or cheating of any kind typically results in a failing grade for the assignment or course, probation, or even explulsion from the school.
Note: All papers you submit for this class must be properly cited according to a recognized and accepted style. The most common styles for humanities courses are the M.L.A. format, the Chicago style, or the Turabian style. A good online resource for styles can be found at:
The specifics of this course syllabus is, like the schedule, subject to change to reflect the needs of this specific class. Any changes will be announced prior to going into effect.